Biblatex Beamer Print Bibliography Sample

To do:

  • Add other packages for creating presentations.
  • Bonus: Add screenshots of the results.
  • Working with columns
  • Navigation — see here
  • Using sections & subsections

LaTeX can be used for creating presentations. There are several packages for the task, including the package.

The Beamer package[edit]

The beamer package is provided with most LaTeX distributions, but is also available from CTAN. If you use MikTeX, all you have to do is to include the beamer package and let LaTeX download all wanted packages automatically. The documentation explains the features in great detail. You can also have a look at the PracTex article Beamer by Example.[1]

The package also loads many useful packages including .

Introductory example[edit]

The beamer package is loaded by calling the class:

The usual header information may then be specified. Note that if you are compiling with XeTeX then you should use

\documentclass[xetex,mathserif,serif]{beamer}

Inside the environment, multiple environments specify the content to be put on each slide. The command specifies the title for each slide (see image):

\begin{document}\begin{frame}\frametitle{This is the first slide}%Content goes here\end{frame}\begin{frame}\frametitle{This is the second slide}\framesubtitle{A bit more information about this}%More content goes here\end{frame}% etc\end{document}

The usual environments (, , , etc.) may be used.

Inside frames, you can use environments like , , , ... Also, is possible to create the frontpage, if and are set.

Trick: Instead of using , you can also use .

For the actual talk, if you can compile it with then you could use a pdf reader with a fullscreen mode, such as Okular, Evince or Adobe Reader. If you want to navigate in your presentation, you can use the almost invisible links in the bottom right corner without leaving the fullscreen mode.

Document Structure[edit]

Title page and information[edit]

First, you give information about authors, titles and dates in the preamble.

\title[Crisis]% (optional, only for long titles){The Economics of Financial Crisis}\subtitle{Evidence from India}\author[Author, Anders]% (optional, for multiple authors){F.~Author\inst{1}\and S.~Anders\inst{2}}\institute[Universities Here and There]% (optional){\inst{1}% Institute of Computer Science\\ University Here \and\inst{2}% Institute of Theoretical Philosophy\\ University There }\date[KPT 2004]% (optional){Conference on Presentation Techniques, 2004}\subject{Computer Science}

Then, in the document, you add the title page :

Table of Contents[edit]

The table of contents, with the current section highlighted, is displayed by:

\begin{frame}\frametitle{Table of Contents}\tableofcontents[currentsection]\end{frame}

This can be done automatically at the beginning of each section using the following code in the preamble:

\AtBeginSection[]{\begin{frame}\frametitle{Table of Contents}\tableofcontents[currentsection]\end{frame}}

Or for subsections:

\AtBeginSubsection[]{\begin{frame}\frametitle{Table of Contents}\tableofcontents[currentsection,currentsubsection]\end{frame}}

Sections and subsections[edit]

As in all other LaTeX files, it is possible to structure the document using

\section[Section]{My section}

,

\subsection[Subsection]{My subsection}

and

\subsubsection[Subsubsection]{My subsubsection}

Those commands have to be put before and between frames. They will modify the Table of contents with the optional argument. The argument in brackets will be written on the slide, depending on the theme used.

References (Beamer)[edit]

Beamer does not officially support BibTeX. Instead bibliography items will need to be partly set "by hand" (see beameruserguide.pdf 3.12). The following example shows a references slide containing two entries:

\begin{frame}[allowframebreaks] \frametitle<presentation>{Further Reading}\begin{thebibliography}{10}\beamertemplatebookbibitems\bibitem{Autor1990} A.~Autor. \newblock{\em Introduction to Giving Presentations}. \newblock Klein-Verlag, 1990. \beamertemplatearticlebibitems\bibitem{Jemand2000} S.~Jemand. \newblock On this and that. \newblock{\em Journal of This and That}, 2(1):50--100, 2000. \end{thebibliography}\end{frame}

As the reference list grows, the reference slide will divide into two slides and so on, through use of the option. Individual items can be cited after adding an 'optional' label to the relevant stanza. The citation call is simply . Beamer also supports limited customization of the way references are presented (see the manual). Those who wish to use natbib, for example, with Beamer may need to troubleshoot both their document setup and the relevant BibTeX style file.

The different types of referenced work are indicated with a little symbol (e.g. a book, an article, etc.). The Symbol is set with the commands and . It is also possible to use directly, like so

\begin{frame}[allowframebreaks] \frametitle<presentation>{Further Reading}\begin{thebibliography}{10}\setbeamertemplate{bibliography item}[book] \bibitem{Autor1990} A.~Autor. \newblock{\em Introduction to Giving Presentations}. \newblock Klein-Verlag, 1990. \setbeamertemplate{bibliography item}[article] \bibitem{Jemand2000} S.~Jemand. \newblock On this and that. \newblock{\em Journal of This and That}, 2(1):50--100, 2000. \end{thebibliography}\end{frame}

Other possible types of bibliography items, besides and , include e.g. , and . It is also possible to have user defined bibliography items by including a graphic.

If one wants to have full references appear as foot notes, use the . For example, it is possible to use

\documentclass[10pt,handout,english]{beamer}\usepackage[english]{babel}\usepackage[backend=biber,style=numeric-comp,sorting=none]{biblatex}\addbibresource{biblio.bib}\begin{frame}\frametitle{Title} A reference~\footfullcite{ref_bib}, with ref_bib an item of the .bib file. \end{frame}

Style[edit]

Themes[edit]

The first solution is to use a built-in theme such as Warsaw, Berlin, etc. The second solution is to specify colors, inner themes and outer themes.

The Built-in solution[edit]

To the preamble you can add the following line:

to use the "Warsaw" theme. has several themes, many of which are named after cities (e.g. Frankfurt, Madrid, Berlin, etc.).

This Theme Matrix contains the various theme and color combinations included with . For more customizing options, have a look to the official documentation included in your distribution of , particularly the part Change the way it looks.

The full list of themes is:

  • AnnArbor
  • Antibes
  • Bergen
  • Berkeley
  • Berlin
  • Copenhagen
  • Darmstadt
  • Dresden
  • Frankfurt
  • Goettingen
  • Hannover
  • Ilmenau
  • JuanLesPins
  • Luebeck
  • Madrid
  • Malmoe
  • Marburg
  • Montpellier
  • PaloAlto
  • Pittsburgh
  • Rochester
  • Singapore
  • Szeged
  • Warsaw
  • boxes
  • default

Color themes, typically with animal names, can be specified with

The full list of color themes is:

  • default
  • albatross
  • beaver
  • beetle
  • crane
  • dolphin
  • dove
  • fly
  • lily
  • orchid
  • rose
  • seagull
  • seahorse
  • whale
  • wolverine
The do it yourself solution[edit]

First you can specify the outertheme. The outertheme defines the head and the footline of each slide.

\useoutertheme{infolines}

Here is a list of all available outer themes:

  • infolines
  • miniframes
  • shadow
  • sidebar
  • smoothbars
  • smoothtree
  • split
  • tree

Then you can add the innertheme:

\useinnertheme{rectangles}

Here is a list of all available inner themes:

  • rectangles
  • circles
  • inmargin
  • rounded

You can define the color of every element:

\setbeamercolor{alerted text}{fg=orange}\setbeamercolor{background canvas}{bg=white}\setbeamercolor{block body alerted}{bg=normal text.bg!90!black}\setbeamercolor{block body}{bg=normal text.bg!90!black}\setbeamercolor{block body example}{bg=normal text.bg!90!black}\setbeamercolor{block title alerted}{use={normal text,alerted text},fg=alerted text.fg!75!normal text.fg,bg=normal text.bg!75!black}\setbeamercolor{block title}{bg=blue}\setbeamercolor{block title example}{use={normal text,example text},fg=example text.fg!75!normal text.fg,bg=normal text.bg!75!black}\setbeamercolor{fine separation line}{}\setbeamercolor{frametitle}{fg=brown}\setbeamercolor{item projected}{fg=black}\setbeamercolor{normal text}{bg=black,fg=yellow}\setbeamercolor{palette sidebar primary}{use=normal text,fg=normal text.fg}\setbeamercolor{palette sidebar quaternary}{use=structure,fg=structure.fg}\setbeamercolor{palette sidebar secondary}{use=structure,fg=structure.fg}\setbeamercolor{palette sidebar tertiary}{use=normal text,fg=normal text.fg}\setbeamercolor{section in sidebar}{fg=brown}\setbeamercolor{section in sidebar shaded}{fg=grey}\setbeamercolor{separation line}{}\setbeamercolor{sidebar}{bg=red}\setbeamercolor{sidebar}{parent=palette primary}\setbeamercolor{structure}{bg=black, fg=green}\setbeamercolor{subsection in sidebar}{fg=brown}\setbeamercolor{subsection in sidebar shaded}{fg=grey}\setbeamercolor{title}{fg=brown}\setbeamercolor{titlelike}{fg=brown}

Colors can be defined as usual:

\definecolor{chocolate}{RGB}{33,33,33}

Block styles can also be defined:

\setbeamertemplate{blocks}[rounded][shadow=true] \setbeamertemplate{background canvas}[vertical shading][bottom=white,top=structure.fg!25] \setbeamertemplate{sidebar canvas left}[horizontal shading][left=white!40!black,right=black]

You can also suppress the navigation bar:

\beamertemplatenavigationsymbolsempty

Fonts[edit]

You may also change the fonts for particular elements. If you wanted the title of the presentation as rendered by to occur in a serif font instead of the default sanserif, you would use:

\setbeamerfont{title}{family=\rm}

You could take this a step further if you are using OpenType fonts with Xe(La)TeX and specify a serif font with increased size and oldstyle proportional alternate number glyphs:

\setbeamerfont{title}{family=\rm\addfontfeatures{Scale=1.18, Numbers={Lining, Proportional}}}
Math Fonts[edit]

The default settings for use a different set of math fonts than one would expect from creating a simple math article. One quick fix for this is to use at the beginning of the file the option

\documentclass[mathserif]{beamer}

Others have proposed to use the command

\usefonttheme[onlymath]{serif}

but it is not clear if this works for absolutely every math character.

Frames Options[edit]

The plain option. Sometimes you need to include a large figure or a large table and you don't want to have the bottom and the top off the slides. In that case, use the plain option:

If you want to include lots of text on a slide, use the shrink option.

The allowframebreaks option will auto-create new frames if there is too much content to be displayed on one.

\frame[allowframebreaks]{% ...}


Before using any verbatim environment (like ), you should pass the option to the environment, as verbatim environments need to be typeset differently. Usually, the form is usable (for details see the manual). Note that the option may not be used with commands since it expects to encounter a , which should be alone on a single line.

\begin{frame}[fragile] \frametitle{Source code}\begin{lstlisting}[caption=First C example] int main() { printf("Hello World!"); return 0; }\end{lstlisting}\end{frame}

Hyperlink navigation[edit]

Internal and external hyperlinks can be used in beamer to assist navigation. Clean looking buttons can also be added.

To do:

  • add information about
  • add information about and friends

By default the beamer class adds navigation buttons in the bottom right corner. To remove them one can place

\beamertemplatenavigationsymbolsempty

in the preamble.

Animations[edit]

The following is merely an introduction to the possibilities in beamer. Chapter 8 of the beamer manual provides much more detail, on many more features.

Making items appear on a slide is possible by simply using the statement:

\begin{frame}\frametitle{Some background} We start our discussion with some concepts. \pause The first concept we introduce originates with Erd\H os. \end{frame}

Text or figures after will display after one of the following events (which may vary between PDF viewers): pressing space, return or page down on the keyboard, or using the mouse to scroll down or click the next slide button. Pause can be used within etc.

Text animations[edit]

For text animations, for example in the itemize environment, it is possible to specify appearance and disappearance of text by using where a and b are the numbers of the events the item is to be displayed for (inclusive). For example:

\begin{itemize}\item This one is always shown \item<1-> The first time (i.e. as soon as the slide loads) \item<2-> The second time \item<1-> Also the first time \only<1-1> {This one is shown at the first time, but it will hide soon (on the next event after the slide loads).}\end{itemize}

A simpler approach for revealing one item per click is to use .

\begin{frame}\frametitle{`Hidden higher-order concepts?'}\begin{itemize}[<+->] \item The truths of arithmetic which are independent of PA in some sense themselves `{contain} essentially {\color{blue}{hidden higher-order}}, or infinitary, concepts'??? \item `Truths in the language of arithmetic which \ldots\item That suggests stronger version of Isaacson's thesis. \end{itemize}\end{frame}

In all these cases, pressing page up, scrolling up, or clicking the previous slide button in the navigation bar will backtrack through the sequence.

Handout mode[edit]

In beamer class, the default mode is presentation which makes the slides. However, you can work in a different mode that is called handout by setting this option when calling the class:

\documentclass[12pt,handout]{beamer}

This mode is useful to see each slide only one time with all its stuff on it, making any environments visible all at once (for instance, printable version). Nevertheless, this makes an issue when working with the command, because its purpose is to have only some text or figures at a time and not all of them together.

If you want to solve this, you can add a statement to specify precisely the behavior when dealing with commands in handout mode. Suppose you have a code like this

\only<1>{\includegraphics{pic1.eps}}\only<2>{\includegraphics{pic2.eps}}

These pictures being completely different, you want them both in the handout, but they cannot be both on the same slide since they are large. The solution is to add the handout statement to have the following:

\only<1| handout:1>{\includegraphics{pic1.eps}}\only<2| handout:2>{\includegraphics{pic2.eps}}

This will ensure the handout will make a slide for each picture.

Now imagine you still have your two pictures with the only statements, but the second one show the first one plus some other graphs and you don't need the first one to appear in the handout. You can thus precise the handout mode not to include some only commands by:

\only<1| handout:0>{\includegraphics{pic1.eps}}\only<2>{\includegraphics{pic2.eps}}

The command can also be used to hide frames, e.g.

\begin{frame}<handout:0>

or even, if you have written a frame that you don't want anymore but maybe you will need it later, you can write

\begin{frame}<0| handout:0>

and this will hide your slide in both modes. (The order matters. Don't put handout:0|beamer:0 or it won't work.)

A last word about the handout mode is about the notes. Actually, the full syntax for a frame is

\begin{frame} ... \end{frame}\note{...}\note{...} ...

and you can write your notes about a frame in the field note (many of them if needed). Using this, you can add an option to the class calling, either

\documentclass[12pt,handout,notes=only]{beamer}

or

\documentclass[12pt,handout,notes=show]{beamer}

The first one is useful when you make a presentation to have only the notes you need, while the second one could be given to those who have followed your presentation or those who missed it, for them to have both the slides with what you said.

Note that the 'handout' option in the \documentclass line suppress all the animations.

Important: the notes=only mode is literally doing only the notes. This means there will be no output file but the DVI. Thus it requires you to have run the compilation in another mode before. If you use separate files for a better distinction between the modes, you may need to copy the .aux file from the handout compilation with the slides (w/o the notes).

Columns and Blocks[edit]

There are two handy environments for structuring a slide: "blocks", which divide the slide (horizontally) into headed sections, and "columns" which divides a slide (vertically) into columns. Blocks and columns can be used inside each other.

Columns[edit]

Example

\begin{frame}{Example of columns 1}\begin{columns}[c] % the "c" option specifies center vertical alignment\column{.5\textwidth}% column designated by a command Contents of the first column \column{.5\textwidth} Contents split \\ into two lines \end{columns}\end{frame}\begin{frame}{Example of columns 2}\begin{columns}[T] % contents are top vertically aligned\begin{column}[T]{5cm}% each column can also be its own environment Contents of first column \\ split into two lines \end{column}\begin{column}[T]{5cm}% alternative top-align that's better for graphics\includegraphics[height=3cm]{graphic.png}\end{column}\end{columns}\end{frame}

Blocks[edit]

Enclosing text in the block environment creates a distinct, headed block of text (a blank heading can be used). This allows to visually distinguish parts of a slide easily. There are three basic types of block. Their formatting depends on the theme being used.

Simple

\begin{frame}\begin{block}{This is a Block} This is important information \end{block}\begin{alertblock}{This is an Alert block} This is an important alert \end{alertblock}\begin{exampleblock}{This is an Example block} This is an example \end{exampleblock}\end{frame}

PDF options[edit]

You can specify the default options of your PDF.[2]

\hypersetup{pdfstartview={Fit}}% fits the presentation to the window when first displayed

Numbering slides[edit]

It is possible to number slides using this snippet:

\insertframenumber/\inserttotalframenumber

However, this poses two problems for some presentation authors: the title slide is numbered as the first one, and the appendix or so-called "backup" (aka appendix, reserve) slides are included in the total count despite them not being intended to be public until a "hard" question is asked.[3] This is where two features come in:

  • Ability to reset the frames counter at any slide. For instance, this may be inserted at the title slide to avoid counting it:
\addtocounter{framenumber}{-1}

Or alternatively this:

\setcounter{framenumber}{0} or \setcounter{framenumber}{1}
  • The first of the above applies to section slides to avoid counting them.
  • This stuff works around the problem of counting the backup slides:
% (Thanks, David Gleich!)% All your regular slides% After your last numbered slide\appendix\newcounter{finalframe}\setcounter{finalframe}{\value{framenumber}}% Backup frames\setcounter{framenumber}{\value{finalframe}}\end{document}

The powerdot package[edit]

The powerdot package is an alternative to beamer. It is available from CTAN. The documentation explains the features in great detail.

The powerdot package is loaded by calling the class:

The usual header information may then be specified.

Inside the usual environment, multiple environments specify the content to be put on each slide.

\begin{document}\begin{slide}{This is the first slide}%Content goes here\end{slide}\begin{slide}{This is the second slide}%More content goes here\end{slide}% etc\end{document}

Simple presentations[edit]

The class is very powerful and provides lots of features. For a very simple presentation, a class based on can be used.

\documentclass[paper=160mm:90mm,fontsize=10pt,DIV=16]{scrartcl}\usepackage{lmodern}\pagestyle{empty}\renewcommand{\familydefault}{\sfdefault}\newenvironment{slide}[1]{\clearpage{\LARGE\bfseries#1\par}\vspace{\baselineskip}}{}\usepackage{enumitem}\setlist{noitemsep}\title{XeTaL}\author{Carl Capybara}\begin{document}\maketitle\begin{slide}{slide title} This is just some text \begin{itemize}\item Wombat \item Capybara \item Mara \end{itemize}\end{slide}\begin{slide}{Wombat title} This is just some different text \end{slide}\end{document}

References[edit]

Links[edit]

When it comes to bibliography management packages, there are three main options in LaTeX: bibtex, natbib and biblatex. Biblatex is a modern program to process bibliography information, provides an easier and more flexible interface and a better language localization that the other two options. This article explains how to use biblatex to manage and format the bibliography in a LaTeX document.

[edit]Introduction

A minimal working example of the biblatex package is shown below:

\documentclass{article}\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}\usepackage[english]{babel}   \usepackage{biblatex}\addbibresource{sample.bib}   \begin{document} Let's cite! The Einstein's journal paper \cite{einstein} and the Dirac's book \cite{dirac} are physics related items.   \printbibliography   \end{document}

There are four bibliography-related commands in this example:

Imports the package biblatex.
Imports the bibtex data file sample.bib, this file is the one that includes information about each referenced book, article, etc. See the bibliography file section for more information.
This command inserts a reference within the document, [1] in this case, that corresponds to an element in the bibliography, "einstein" is a keyword corresponding to an entry in sample.bib.
Prints the list of cited references, the default title is "References" for the article document class and "Bibliography" for books and reports.

ShareLaTeX provides several templates with pre-defined styles to manage bibliography. See this link

  Open an example of the biblatex package in ShareLaTeX

[edit]Basic usage

Several parameters can be passed to the package importing statement, let's see

\documentclass{article}\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}\usepackage[english]{babel}   \usepackage{comment}   \usepackage[ backend=biber, style=alphabetic, sorting=ynt ]{biblatex}\addbibresource{sample.bib}   \title{Bibliography management: \texttt{biblatex} package}\author{Share\LaTeX}\date{}   \begin{document}   \maketitle   Using \texttt{biblatex} you can display bibliography divided into sections, depending of citation type. Let's cite! The Einstein's journal paper \cite{einstein} and the Dirac's book \cite{dirac} are physics related items. Next, \textit{The \LaTeX\ Companion} book \cite{latexcompanion}, the Donald Knuth's website \cite{knuthwebsite}, \textit{The Comprehensive Tex Archive Network} (CTAN) \cite{ctan} are \LaTeX\ related items; but the others Donald Knuth's items \cite{knuth-fa,knuth-acp} are dedicated to programming.   \medskip   \printbibliography

Some extra options, inside brackets and comma-separated, are added when importing biblatex:

Sets the backend to sort the bibliography, is the default one and recommended since it provides full localization for several commands and the styles for biber are easier to modify because they use standard LaTeX macros. The other supported backend is , which is a more traditional program; if set as backend will only used to sort the bibliography, so no bibtex styles can be used here.
Defines the bibliography style and the citation style, in this case . Depending on the style more citation commands might be available. See bibliography styles and citation styles for more information.
Determines the criteria to sort the bibliographic sources. In this case they are sorted by year, name and title. See the reference guide for a list of sorting options.

The rest of the commands were already explained at the introduction.

  Open an example of the biblatex package in ShareLaTeX

[edit]The bibliography file

The bibliography files must have the standard bibtex syntax

This file contains records in a special format, for instance, the first bibliographic reference is defined by:

This is the first line of a record entry, tells BibTeX that the information stored here is about an article. The information about this entry is enclosed within braces. Besides the entry types shown in the example (, , and ) there are a lot more, see the reference guide.
The label is assigned to this entry, is an identifier that can be used to refer this article within the document.
This is the first field in the bibliography entry, indicates that the author of this article is Albert Einstein. Several comma-separated fields can be added using the same syntax , for instance: title, pages, year, URL, etc. See the reference guide for a list of possible fields.

The information in this file can later be printed and referenced within a LaTeX document, as shown in the previous sections, with the command . Not all the information in the .bib file will be displayed, it depends on the bibliography style set in the document.

  Open an example of the biblatex package in ShareLaTeX

[edit]Customizing the bibliography

Biblatex allows high customization of the bibliography section with little effort. It was mentioned that several citation styles and bibliography styles are available, and you can also create new ones. Another customization option is to change the default title of the bibliography section.

\documentclass{article}\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}\usepackage[english]{babel}   \usepackage{comment}   \usepackage[ backend=biber, style=alphabetic, sorting=ynt ]{biblatex}\addbibresource{sample.bib}   \title{Bibliography management: \texttt{biblatex} package}\author{Share\LaTeX}\date{}   \begin{document}   \maketitle   Using \texttt{biblatex} you can display bibliography divided into sections, depending of citation type. Let's cite! The Einstein's journal paper \cite{einstein} and the Dirac's book \cite{dirac} are physics related items. Next, \textit{The \LaTeX\ Companion} book \cite{latexcompanion}, the Donald Knuth's website \cite{knuthwebsite}, \textit{The Comprehensive Tex Archive Network} (CTAN) \cite{ctan} are \LaTeX\ related items; but the others Donald Knuth's items \cite{knuth-fa,knuth-acp} are dedicated to programming.   \medskip   \printbibliography[title={Whole bibliography}]

The additional parameter passed inside brackets to the command is the one that changes the title.

The bibliography can also be subdivided into sections based on different filters, for instance: print only references from the same author, the same journal or similar title. Below an example.

\printbibliography[type=article,title={Articles only}]\printbibliography[type=book,title={Books only}]   \printbibliography[keyword={physics},title={Physics-related only}]\printbibliography[keyword={latex},title={\LaTeX-related only}]

Here, the bibliography is divided in 4 sections. The syntax of the commands used here is explained below:

Only prints entries whose type is "article", and sets the title "Articles only" for this section. The same syntax works for any other entry type.
Filters bibliography entries that include the word "physics" in any of the fields. Sets the title "Physics-related only" for said section.

  Open an example of the biblatex package in ShareLaTeX

[edit]Adding the bibliography in the table of contents

For the bibliography the be printed in the table of contents an extra option must be passed to

\printbibliography[ heading=bibintoc, title={Whole bibliography} ]   \printbibliography[heading=subbibintoc,type=article,title={Articles only}]

A section and a subsection are added to the table of contents:

  • In the first case, adding adds the title to the table of contents as an unnumbered chapter if possible or as an unnumbered section otherwise.
  • The second case is that adds the title as a second level entry in the table of contents, in this example as a subsection nested in "Whole bibliography".

  Open an example of the biblatex package in ShareLaTeX

[edit]Reference guide

Supported entry types

article book mvbook
inbook bookinbook suppbook
booklet collection mvcollection
incollection suppcollection manual
misc online patent
periodical suppperiodical proceedings
mvproceedings inproceedings reference
mvreference inreference report
set thesis unpublished
custom conference electronic
masterthesis phdthesis techreport

Supported entry fields (The printed information depends on the bibliography style)

abstract afterword annotation annotator
author authortype bookauthor bookpagination
booksubtitle booktitle chapter commentator
date doi edition editor
editortype eid entrysubtype eprint
eprinttype eprintclass eventdate eventtitle
file foreword holder howpublished
indextitle institution introduction isan
isbn ismn isrn issue
issuesubtitle issuetitle iswc journalsubtitle
journaltitle label language library
location mainsubtitle maintitle month
note number organization origdate
origlanguage origlocation origpublisher origtitle
pages pagetotal pagination part
publisher pubstate reprinttitle series
shortauthor shortedition shorthand shorthandintro
shortjournal shortseries shorttitle subtitle
title translator type url
venue version volume year

Bibliography sorting options

option description
sort by name, title, year
sort by name, year, title
sort by name, year, volume, title
sort by alphabetic label, name, year, title
sort by alphabetic label, name, year, volume, title
sort by year (descending), name, title
entries are processed in citation order

[edit]Further reading

For more information see

@article{einstein, author = "Albert Einstein", title = "{Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter K{\"o}rper}. ({German}) [{On} the electrodynamics of moving bodies]", journal = "Annalen der Physik", volume = "322", number = "10", pages = "891--921", year = "1905", DOI = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/andp.19053221004", keywords = "physics" }   @book{dirac, title={The Principles of Quantum Mechanics}, author={Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac}, isbn={9780198520115}, series={International series of monographs on physics}, year={1981}, publisher={Clarendon Press}, keywords = {physics} }   @online{knuthwebsite, author = "Donald Knuth", title = "Knuth: Computers and Typesetting", url = "http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~uno/abcde.html", keywords = "latex,knuth" }   @inbook{knuth-fa, author = "Donald E. Knuth", title = "Fundamental Algorithms", publisher = "Addison-Wesley", year = "1973", chapter = "1.2", keywords = "knuth,programming" } ...

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