Harvard Referencing Sample Assignment Clause
The purpose of this assignment is to show common elements of the Harvard style of referencing in Dundalk Institute of Technology. It is not intended to be an example of good quality academic writing, and indeed may not make sense in general, but it should show you how citations and a reference list are formed in the Harvard style of referencing (Dooley 2012). If you include a “direct quotation from a book you have read” (Byrne 2014, p.25) you should include the relevant page number. You don’t always have to write the author and year in brackets. Drury (2013) states that if the author’s name occurs naturally in the text then the year follows it in brackets. If there are two authors you should include both of them in the citation (Rucki and Rice 2012). If there are three or more authors you don’t have to list all of the names in the citation but you should include them all in the reference list (Torrington et al. 2014). The reference list should appear at the end of your assignment and be in alphabetical order based on the first author’s surname (Theaker 2012) rather than the order in which they appear in your assignment (Browne 2011). Don’t forget that websites need to be cited too (Dundalk Institute of Technology 2015). We recommend you look at the full version of DkIT’s Harvard referencing guidelines, and contact the Library if you have any questions. Good luck.
Browne, K. (2011). An introduction to sociology [online]. Cambridge: Polity. Available from: https://books.google.ie/books?isbn=0745650082 [accessed 22 April 2016].
Byrne, D. (2012). How music works. Edinburgh: Canongate.
Dooley, D. (2012). Nursing ethics: Irish cases and concerns. 2nd ed. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Drury, C. (2013). Management accounting for business. 5th ed. Andover: Cengage Learning.
Dundalk Institute of Technology. (2015). Graduate research [online]. Available from: http://www.dkit.ie/research/graduate-research [accessed 24 February 2016].
Rucki, J.D. and Rice, T. (2012). The individual in musical ethnography. Ethnomusicology, 56(2), pp.299-327.
Theaker, A., ed. (2012). The public relations handbook. Abingdon: Routledge.
Torrington, D., Hall, L., Taylor, S. and Atkinson, C. (2014). Human resource management. 9th ed. Harlow: Pearson.
In this presentation, you will learn the basics of how to create an in-text reference and a reference list in Harvard Style.
So, what is the Harvard style of referencing? The Harvard style is an author-date referencing system, which draws upon the sixth edition of the ‘Style Manual for Authors Editors and Printers’. Each work or source referred to within the body of your writing is given an in-text reference and an entry in the Reference list at the end of the document.
So, how do I format an in-text reference? When formatting your in-text reference you need to consider the following: Are you quoting directly, or in other words copying the exact words as well as the ideas from a source? Or, are you paraphrasing or summarising the words or ideas of others in your own words? If using a direct quote from a source, include the Author’s family name, the year of publication and the page number in round brackets and place single quotation marks around the direct quote. Alternatively, the Author’s name can be used anywhere within the sentence. In this case, place the year of publication and the page number in round brackets directly following the Author’s family name. When paraphrasing or summarising the ideas or opinions of others, include the author’s family name and the year of publication in round brackets before the full stop at the end of the sentence. If including the author anywhere in the sentence, place the year of publication in round brackets directly after the author’s family name.
So, how do I reference when there is more than one author of a particular source? Here are some examples of how you would do an in-text reference when there is more than one author of a particular source.
The next component of Harvard Referencing is to compile a Reference list. A reference list includes the full details of all your in-text references and is listed on a separate page at the end of you assignment, titled ‘References’. It is arranged in alphabetical order by Authors’ family names.
For further assistance, refer to the Harvard Referencing guide OR Contact us through ‘Ask a Librarian’.